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'''Gukurahundi''' is a Shona language term which loosely translates to, "the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains".Nyarota, Geoffrey. ''Against the Grain''. Page 134. In Zimbabwe, it has particular reference to an operation carried out by the national army's Zimbabwean Fifth Brigade|Fifth Brigade between 1983 and 1987 whereby suspected anti-government elements among the Northern Ndebele people|Ndebele community were identified and eliminated. During the Rhodesian Bush War two rival nationalist parties, Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU), had emerged to challenge Rhodesia's predominantly white government. ZANU then defined ''Gukurahundi'' as an ideological strategy aimed at carrying the war into major settlements and individual homesteads.
Partofthe Cold War and aftermath of the Rhodesian Bush War
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TargetNorthern Ndebele people|Ndebele population of Zimbabwe
Coordinates| date = 3 January 1983{{cite book
Time| type = Pogrom, torture, Indefinite detention without trial|indefinite detention
Fatalities3,750–30,000{{cite book
Injuries| victims =
PerpsZimbabwean Fifth Brigade|Fifth Brigade
Central Intelligence Organisation
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